Doing the Best We Can, Boston: The contents are as follows: These claims could be clarified, supplemented, and subdivided further. Women and Human Development: Hume, of course, would clearly reject any robust realist implications.
Motives and Rightness, Oxford: Freedom and Reason, London: Just as nature is explained through reference to the laws of physics, so human behavior can be explained by reference to the two primary motives of pleasure and pain; this is the theory of psychological hedonism.
When I decide to visit a friend instead of working for a charity, I can know that my act is not immoral even if I have not calculated that the visit will create enough overall good or that it will improve the world. Paris, [The Growth of Philosophic Radicalism. This is true even though there is a good deal of pleasure, and no pain, in the universe of sadists.
Nonetheless, according to classic utilitarianism, what makes it morally wrong to break the promise is its future effects on those other people rather than the fact that the agent promised in the past. This account of law, later developed by Austin, is characteristic of legal positivism.
Imagine that a government considers whether to provide free contraceptives to curb a rise in population. This argument might surprise those who think of consequentialism as counterintuitive, but in fact consequentialists can explain many moral intuitions that trouble deontological theories.
The medical profession depends on trust that this public rule would undermine. Of course it is the case that the truth ought not be misused, that its misuse can be avoided and is not inevitable, but the misuse is entirely predictable.
Singer ; Sinnott-Armstrong Of these, Francis Hutcheson — is explicitly utilitarian when it comes to action choice. Colonies, Commerce, and Constitutional Law:Jeremy Bentham was an English philosopher and political radical.
He is primarily known today for his moral philosophy, especially his principle of utilitarianism, which evaluates actions based upon their consequences.
The relevant consequences, in particular, are the overall happiness created for. Jeremy Bentham was a man of extraordinary intellectual gifts; at the age three he began to study Latin and at the age of sixteen he took his degree at Oxford University.
He introduced Act Utilitarianism; every act is evaluated on whether it does or does not produce happiness/pleasure. Featuring the main influential contributors to this theory are Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill.
There are two types of theories, teleological and deontological theories. We will write a custom essay sample on Key Features of Utilitarianism specifically for you for only $ $/page.
Outline the Important Features of. Key Features of utilitarianism and its weaknesses. The Theory of Utilitarianism comes from its name from the Latin word ‘Utilis’, meaning ‘useful’.
It was first developed by Jeremy Bentham, Philosopher and legal theorist of the 18th century. Bentham produced a modern approach of morality. Outline the key features of utilitarianism The theory of utilitarianism was developed by and associated by Jeremy Bentham and utilitarianism is a teleological ethical theory where the moral value of an action can be judged by its consequences.
1. Precursors to the Classical Approach. Though the first systematic account of utilitarianism was developed by Jeremy Bentham (–), the core insight motivating the theory occurred much earlier.Download